Ukraine after the Minsk Agreement: are measures being effective?

Still after the ceasefire of Minsk, Ukraine is undergoing serious destabilization

minsk agreement on ukraineIn the town of Minsk ( capital of Belarus), the leaders of Russia, Ukraine, Germany and France have reunited to discuss about the war that still is flagellating the Ukraine and the solutions that could be brought forward by their nations to help solving the conflict.

In September, an official ceasefire was approved by the two leaders Putin and Poroshenko, ceasefire that was going to be effective immediately after the consultations in the morning after at 6 a.m. Still, the fights near Luhansk, Mariupol and Donetsk were continuous ( as showed with the destruction of the airport of Donetsk).

Then, in February, the successive talks between France, Russia, Germany and Ukraine produced two important documents:

  1. a joint statement that sets intentions and broad objectives;
  2. a detailed 13-point Russian-language document entitled “A Complex of Measures for Fulfilment of the Minsk Agreement”;

These documents were in respect of the Ukrainian territory and it’s continuity, notwithstanding the role of Germany and France as a relief for the reconstruction with economic aids. Now, in March 2015, we are facing again casualties and heavy bombing on the eastern side of Ukraine (UN forces and organizations consider that 2600 casualties were only in the month of January). How can this be possible?

The answer is not to be found, like has been done before, inside the border of Ukraine neither in Russia (considering that Russia still is hostile to NATO’s intervention), but in the international scenario. The situation has gone beyond the borders of Ukraine and Russia, configuring itself as a struggle not between two nations, but between two coalitions ( respectively EU against the Russian federation), in a “game of strength”.

The ceasefire issued on the 12th of February may have given the impression that the conflict was going to stop, but the reality is that it froze the positions of the Rebels and the Ukrainian army on the eastern border side by side. Internationally could have been a success, but the international focus is slowly moving from Ukraine to North Africa, where ISIS troops are menacing Europe. Russia, by itself, is facing serious economical default due to sanctions effecting the market.

To solve the Ukrainian crisis is necessary that all nations involved have their attention on the conflict and it’s evolutions. At the present moment, the negotiating tables are not completely able to deal exclusively with Ukraine and the documents will be only a temporary solution.

Andrea Jorma Buonfrate

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